tuhono model of mediation
a tikanga-based approach to mediation
Tūhono is a kaupapa Māori model of dispute resolution inspired by traditional Māori narratives and dispute resolution methodologies.
Tūhono seeks to establish unique pathways for resolving disputes using Māori beliefs, principles, values and practices that derive from traditional knowledge (mātauranga Māori).
This approach draws upon traditional Māori creation and navigation narratives as a means of creating a culturally responsive platform for dispute resolution. This approach also acknowledges that Māori social structures are underpinned by genealogical connections or whakapapa. This is a key aspect of Māori identity.
“Tū” is an abbreviated representation of Tūmatauenga, the Māori deity of war, conflict and strategy. “Hono” literally means “to connect”. Drawing on these definitions, “Tūhono”, in this context, simply means to resolve conflict.
The Tūhono model of mediation comprises five distinct pathways for resolving conflict:
TE ARA TUHONO: this phase allows parties to agree on ground rules and protocols as to how the mediation process will proceed.
TE ARA A RUAUMOKO: this phase allows parties to discover the conflict situation from varying perspectives and ensure parties feel they are heard.
TE ARA A TANGAROA: this phase allows parties to explore the underlying issues that give rise to the conflict situation.
TE ARA A TANE: this phase allows parties to explore ways to resolve the conflict situation.
TE ARA A RONGO: this phase allows the mediation process to conclude in a peaceful way.